Geosciences.com is a non-profit directory of geosciences degrees and jobs in U.S. The goal of the Geosciences.com degree finder was to organize and group degrees into states and research types to ease the process of finding a particular degree. Thus, the user no longer has to sift through dozens and hundreds of pages to search for and compare programs in chosen field of knowledge.
There are two main search options on the website. The first option involves search by research area: you will see a list of U.S. institutions offering educational programs in chosen specialty. Otherwise, you may search for programs by geographical principle, i.e. by states. In this case you will see the total number of institutes offering geoscience graduate and/or undergraduate programs, as well as links to brief information about each institute, including department name, short description of institution and available study programs, main disciplines and research areas, degrees, learning environment, and contact details (phone and official website URL).
Graduate academic degree programs consist of advanced studies in an academic discipline and must have as their purpose contributions to knowledge of the subject matter, rather than specific applications of knowledge to professional practices. Master's degree programs of this type may be terminal in nature or may also provide an introduction to research and advanced study at the doctoral level. Such programs emphasize theory and are not primarily designed as preparation for professional careers. Graduate academic degree programs leading to the doctorate shall include research that prepares the graduate student for a life of scholarship in an academic discipline. The following are the only degrees appropriately conferred upon the completion of an academic graduate program:
U.S. higher educational establishments usually offer the following academic programs in the field of geoscience (and respective degrees): Master of Arts (A.M. or M.A.), Master of Science (M.S.), Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.), and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). As a rule, the difference between M.A. and M.S. is that the first programs focus on the exact disciplines, when student performs a specific project with analysis and calculations, while the second kind of programs are more theoretical. The Master of Philosophy is intermediate between the M.A. or M.S. and Ph.D. It is awarded to candidates in one of the institution's own Ph.D. programs and for completion of all requirements for the Ph.D. except the dissertation.
Thus, Geosciences.com in any case does not replace the official websites of educational institutions, but serves as a facilitator, designed to simplify the process of finding educational programs in the field of geosciences. All disciplines are divided into the three following categories: geography, geology, and oceanography. Our team constantly monitors the updates, introducing appropriate changes and adding new programs.
Why geographic specialties are so important in U.S. and what may push someone to elect careers in the field of geosciences?
The U.S. has the fourth largest land area in the world. Consequently, the country is characterized by an exceptional diversity of natural conditions: from the tundra and arctic wilderness in Alaska to the scorching tropical deserts of New Mexico and Arizona. The U.S. stands for the scene for spectacular natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, forest fires etc. Some regions of the country has extremely urbanized environment, while others are merely the standards of intact nature. The U.S. is fairly considered as a huge melting pot of peoples and nation, the arena of interaction between different cultures, both indigenous and adopted from various corners of the globe. In short, the U.S. territory is characterized by a high degree of spatial diversity and a higher intensity of interaction between natural and cultural landscape and their individual components. All this justifies the special value of geographical specialties, both natural and social.
Nevertheless, the value of geography is often underestimated in common mind. This is despite the fact that the majority of information perceived by people has a spatial reference. Geographical spatial knowledge is essential for successful public administration, engineering design and construction, international business, domestic and foreign intelligence, weather forecasting etc. Modern progress in information technologies to a significant extent is associated with the development of geographic information systems (GIS). However, geography is worth more than to be subservient to other disciplines and human activities.
What does distinguish modern geography from other sciences? Geography affirms the holistic view of the world, exploring it as integrity, where no element can be considered in isolation from the others. No other science does claim to search for universal laws which explain the development of all matter forms in their unity, trying to bridge the gap between the matter and spirit, natural and social. In this manner geography is unique in linking the social sciences and natural sciences together. The motto of modern geography should be "space and interaction". Geographers study not only just natural and social spatial patterns, but also the relationships between human activity and natural systems. Solving both theoretical and applied problems, geographers inevitably have to cooperate with economists, environmentalists, historians, culture experts, and other scientists.
Thanks to interdisciplinary nature of geosciences, nowadays geographers and geologists work in many different areas, such as education, business and commerce, public sector, environmental management, disaster response, regional and city planning, community development, tourism, transport etc., and may find jobs in different sectors, namely education, business, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations. Geography provides profound knowledge of geospatial technologies, including GIS, GPS, computer mapping, remote sensing, etc., that are one of the largest employment growth fields. Here is a short and incomplete list of U.S. institutions that employ graduates having degree in geosciences: Departments of State, National Biological Service, National Photo Interpretation Center, Defense Intelligence Agency, Defense Mapping Agency, Army Corps of Engineers, National Weather Service, National Climatic Data Center, Soil Conservation Service, Natural Resource Conservation Service, Geological Survey, National Forest, Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, National Science Foundation, Planning and Zoning departments, State Department of Transportation, and National Parks Service.
Website contains special section dedicated to the job search for graduates, where you may search for suitable job opportunities.
Another important and useful section of the site is the base of scientific articles on geography, geology, oceanography and other related sciences, available for free use. It will be useful for applicants to academic programs, undergraduate and graduate students, and alumni for the purposes of education, research, and practical professional activity.
Our team welcomes you on the Geosciences.com and sincerely hopes that our resource will be useful for you!